Some ahadeeth and fataawa regarding Friday

BENEFITS AND REWARDS OF FRIDAY

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ” The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday. On that day Adam was created, he was admitted to Jannah, and he was expelled therefrom .” [Muslim].

493. Narrated Aboo Huraira (radhi Allaahu
anhu) : Allaah’s Messenger (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Any person who takes a bath on Friday like the bath of Janaaba and then goes for the Salaat (prayer) (in the first hour i.e. early), it is as if he had sacrificed a camel (in Allaah’s Cause); and whoever goes in the second hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a cow; and whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a horned ram; and if one goes in the fourth hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour, then it is as if he had offered an egg. When the Imaam comes out [i.e. starts deliveiring the Khutba (religious talk) ], the angels present themselves to listen to the Khutba.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Hadeeth No. 6, Vol. 2]

Aboo Dawood (rahimahullaah) reported (no. 345) from Aws ibn Aws ath- Thaqafee (radiallaahu ‘anhu): I heard Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) say:
“Whoever washes his head on the day of Jumu’ah, and takes a bath and arrives in time, and he walks and he does not ride, and he draws close to the imaam, and he listens and he does not speak. Then for every step which he takes, there will be for him the reward of a year: the reward of fasting it and standing in Prayer.” Shaikh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said this hadeeth is (saheeh) authentic.

Salman (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said,
“If a man takes bath on Friday, (or) purifies himself as much as he can with Wudu’, oils his hair, applies whatever perfume available in his house, sets forth for the mosque, does not separate two people (to make a seat for himself), performs Salat what is prescribed for him, remains silent when the Imam speaks, his (minor) sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari].

1148. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If anyone performs Wudu’ properly, then comes to the Friday prayer, listens to the Khutbah (religious talk) attentively and keeps silent, his (minor) sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven, with the addition of three more days; but he who touches pebbles has caused an interruption . ” [Muslim].

1149. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ” The five daily (prescribed)Salat, and Friday (prayer) to the next Friday (prayer), and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, is expiation of the sins committed in between them, so long as major sins are avoided.” [Muslim].

1152. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Taking a bath (before coming to Friday prayers) is obligatory on every adult.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1153. Samurah (May Allah be pleased with
him) reported: The Messenger of Allah
(sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ” It
suffices to perform Wudu’ properly for the
Friday prayer; but it is better to take a
bath .”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Commentary: This Hadith supports the contention of those who do not hold the Ghusl obligatory for two reasons. Firstly, it allows one to perform Wudu’. In fact, it has been regarded good. Secondly, the Ghusl has been regarded better, from which one can safely infer the permission to leave it. In any case, there is no doubt about its being Masnun ( Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) and Mustahabb (desirable). The TIME OF THE GHUSL is FROM the DAYBREAK to the time of Salat-ul-Jumu`ah.

1158. Aus bin Aus (May Allah be pleased
with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ” Among the best of your days is Friday. On that day pray to Allah to exalt my mention frequently, for your such supplications are presented to me .” [Abu Dawud].

The most well-worded is “Ibrahimi salutation” because the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) himself taught it to his Companions. The salutation is: Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima, wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed. Allahumma barik `ala Muhammadin wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama barakta `ala Ibrahima, wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed

DURING THE KHUTBA
Mu’adh bin Anas Al-Juhani said: “The Prophet ﷺ forbade (us) from sitting with our legs drawn up to our belly (Ihtiba’) during the Friday Khutbah (religious talk before the prayer).” [Reported by Abu Dawud & At-Tirmidhi]”

The Prophet said, “If one of you yawns during
Friday khutba let him change from the place he’s sitting to another.” Abu Dawud (1119) and Ibn Khuyamah (1819)

It’s Makruh (disliked) to sit leaning on the heel of the hand, ; “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed by me when I was sitting like this; I had put my left hand behind my back and leaning on the heel of my hand. He said, ‘Are you sitting like those who evoked Allah’s Anger upon themselves?’” (Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud,)

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