Travel distance allowing breaking Sawm,Number of days one is considered a traveller and a traveler having sexual intercourse during the day of Ramadan

Q 1: What is the distance of travel in kilometers that warrants breaking Sawm(Fast)? What if a traveler observes Sawm?

A: Some scholars maintain that one is allowed to shorten a a four-Rak`ah Salah (Prayer consisting of four units) and break Sawm during the daytime in Ramadan in any
travel in the literal sense, i.e. whether the distance is long or short. However, the majority of scholars stipulate a distance of
about 80 km. As for a person who observes Sawm while traveling, their Sawm is valid based on the evidence supporting its validity. There is nothing wrong in this unless Sawm is likely to cause hardship, in which case a traveler should break their Sawm. In this regard, the Prophet (peace be upon him)said: It is not righteousness to fast while
traveling.

Question: What is the ruling of fasting for
the traveler who intends to reside for a
limited amount of time such as a month?

Shaykh Muqbil : If a person intends to reside for more than 20 days then upon him is to fast and they are not considered a traveler.
Whoever says that they are considered a
traveler then they have opposed that which is known and the meaning of the word travel.
The Prophet -salalahu alayhi wa salem-
resided in Tabuk for 19 days. Ibn Abbbas
mentioned, “If we stayed longer we would
have completed our prayers”, meaning were
no longer considered travelers. This is the
ijtihad of Ibn Abbas but it is close (to what is
correct) insha Allahu Ta’la.
See more on Ramadhan Q&A By Shaykh Muqbil here > http://wp.me/p1Rxpg-jR

Q 2: Two traveling spouses availing themselves of the Rukhsah (concession) allowing travelers not to observe Sawm (Fast) and to shorten Salah (Prayer); what is the ruling on their having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadan?

A: Travelers are allowed to refrain from Sawm during the daytime in Ramadan, but they should make up for it later, because Allah (Exalted be He) says:
…and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Accordingly, it is permissible for them to eat, drink, and have sexual intercourse as long as they are traveling.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly
Research and Ifta’

http://www.alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=153&PageNo=1&BookID=24

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