Suhur And Iftaar

Suhur Time

Q 15: How long should the interval between Suhur (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) and Fajr (Dawn) Prayer be?

A: The time of Suhur lasts until the time when Fajr Prayer is due because Allah (Exalted be He) says: …and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night) To the same effect, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:  Bilal announces the Adhan (call to Prayer) at night, so eat and drink until you hear the Adhan of Ibn Um Maktum.  (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.) Ibn Um Maktum was a blind man who would announce the Adhan only when he was told that dawn broke. However, it is Mustahab (desirable) to delay Suhur (until shortly before dawn).

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Iftar Time

Q 2: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until a long time after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadan; for example, at 9 or 10 p.m.?

A: A fasting person should break Sawm immediately at sunset. This complies with the regular practice and words of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this regard, it is reported on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim). In brief, delaying Iftar until a long time after sunset does not conform to the Sunnah; rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion).

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Q 1: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: The Du`a’ (supplication) of a fasting person at the time of breaking Sawm (Fast) will not be rejected. What is the exact time referred to by the phrase “Du`a’ at the time of breaking Sawm”? Does it refer to Du`a’ made just few moments before Iftar (breaking the Fast), or immediately after it?

A: This Hadith is related by Ibn Majah. The author of Al-Zawa’id ranked its Isnad as Sahih (authentic).Focusing on the question, Du`a’ can be made before or after Iftar because the preposition “at” refers to both times.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

The supplication which is reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is:

(Allaahumma Laka Sumtu Wa ‘Ala Rizqika Aftartu.)

“Oh, Allaah! For Your sake I have fasted and with Your sustenance I have broken my fast.”[Reported by Abu Dawud in the Book of Fasting.] 

When he broke his fast, the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also said:

(Thahabath-Thana’u Wabtallatil-‘Urooqu Wa Thabatal-Ajru In Sha’ Allaah.)

“Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allaah wills.”[Reported by Abu Dawud in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter: What to Say When Breaking the Fast (2357).]

Although there may be some weakness in these two Ahadith, some of the Scholars have declared them to be Hasan; and in anycase, if you supplicated using these words or any others words that came to your heart when breaking your fast, then it is most likely to be answered.

Breaking Sawm before Adhan

Q: I broke my Sawm (Fast) once during the daytime in Ramadan because my two daughters informed me that the Adhan (call to Prayer) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer had been announced, but when I went to the Masjid (mosque) I heard the muezzin just announcing the Adhan. Am I required to make up for the Sawm of that day?

A: If you broke your Sawm after the sun had set, you do not have to make up for that day. But if you broke your Sawm before sunset based on certainty, probability, or suspicion on your part, then you and whoever broke the Sawm with you must make up for that day. This is because the basis of certainty is that the daytime has not ended; consequently, transition from this basis is unwarranted without a Shar`y evidence, which is sunset in this case.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Q: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until after Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadan)? It is noteworthy that the person concerned is well-aware of the rulings pertaining to breaking Sawm. Also, when observing voluntary Sawm, he is in the habit of breaking Sawm after `Isha’ (Night) Prayer. What is the ruling on the validity of Sawm as such? I appreciate giving me advice in this regard.

A: Sawm ends at sunset. This is based on the Ayah (Qur’anic verse) in which Allah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall This is also based on the Hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: When night comes from this direction (east) and the day departs from this direction (west) and the sun has set, it is time for the fasting person to break Sawm. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is also reported to have said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). Only Mubtadi`s (those who introduce innovations in religion) who contradict the Sunnah (action following the example of the Prophet) consider delaying breaking the Sawm until after sunset as an act of `Ibadah (worship). Anyone who does so should repent to Allah of it. However, it is permissible for a Muslim to continue Sawm until the time of Sahar (pre-dawn time), although it is better not to do so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade fasting for consecutive days without breaking Sawm, saying: Do not fast continuously day and night; anyone who wishes to continue Sawm may only do so until the time of Sahar.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Persons to whom serving Iftar meal entails reward

Q 3: Which categories of fasting persons did the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourage offering them Iftar (breaking the Fast) meal; are they the poor, strangers, or guests whom we invite to have Iftar mealat our home including family members and relatives? Are we rewarded for serving Iftar to fasting persons to whom we extend a special invitation during Ramadan?

A: It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who offers a fasting person something to break their Sawn will earn the same reward as them, without diminishing in the slightest the reward of the one fasting. (Related by Al-Tirmidhy) The Hadith refers to any fasting Muslim, especially those who deserve to be charitably invited to Iftar, such as poor and needy people or a wayfarer. It carries the same connotation as the Hadith saying: Anyone who equips a warrior (going to fight) in the Way of Allah (is like one who) actually fights.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

source ; www.alifta.com

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