Fasting the Day of Doubt -30th of Sha‘ban

Not observing Sawm and finding out later that it is the first of Ramadan 

Ruling on breaking  Sawm before sunset in overcast weather

 Q: The weather was overcast when the Mu’adhin (caller to Prayer) announced Adhan (call to Prayer) which caused people to break their Sawm (Fasting). But after breaking the Sawm it turned out that the sun had not yet set.

What is the ruling on Sawm under such circumstances? 

 

A: The person to whom that happened should refrain from eating and drinking until the sun sets and has to make up for that day. This is the opinion of Jumhur (dominant majority of scholars). However, the person is not sinful if they broke their Sawm after doing their best to investigate whether or not the sun had set. The same applies to a person who did not observe Sawm early on the thirtieth day of Sha’ban and then later found out during the day that Ramadan had begun. In such a case, one should refrain from eating and drinking for the rest of the day, and should make up for that day. This is according to the Jumhur and they will not be sinful, because they did not know that it was Ramadan when they ate and drank. Actually, ignorance exempted them from being sinful. But they must make up for that day.

Source: Fatwas of Ibn Baz

Sawm on the 30th of Sha‘ban if it coincides with a day that is habitually fasted on

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 4442

Q 4: If one observes Sawm (Fasting) or breaks Sawm on the thirtieth day of Sha‘ban without sighting the new moon; would their Sawm be valid? Would you please support your answer with evidence?

A: It is not permissible for a Muslim to fast on the thirtieth of Sha‘ban if sighting the new moon has not been confirmed on the eve of that day. An exception to the prohibition of fasting on this day is made if this day coincides with a day that someone habitually fasts, such as fasting on Monday or Thursday. So, a person who has this habit is permitted to fast this day along with other previous days of Sha‘ban, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Do not observe Sawm for a day or two days ahead of Ramadan, except a person who is in the habit of observing a particular Sawm; they may fast on that day. (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

 

Fasting the Day of Doubt; Does it suffice instead of the first day of Ramadan?

The fifth question of Fatwa no. 7956

Q 5: The Sawm (Fasting) of Ramadan began this year on Friday. Some people already observed Sawm on Thursday. But you gave a Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) that the missed day of Ramadan should be made up for, as it was confirmed that Thursday was the first day of Ramadan. Should those who observed Sawm on Thursday also make up for this missed day of Sawm? Will observing Sawm on Thursday, at the beginning of the month, be sufficient for them?

A: Anyone who observed Sawm on Thursday should make up for the day missed at the beginning of Ramadan, as they did not observe it intending it to be part of the month of Ramadan. Moreover, they observed Sawm on this day believing that it was the Day of Doubt (so called because there is doubt concerning it – is it the last day of Sha‘ban or the first day of Ramadan). It is not permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of Doubt. Fasting the Day of Doubt is not sufficient if it is later known that this day was a part of Ramadan.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

COURTESY ; alifta.com – sha’baan fatwas

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