Q 2: A man died before sunset of the last day of Ramadan and another died after sunset; on whom is it obligatory to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast)?
A: Zakat-ul-Fitr is not obligatory on anyone who dies before sunset on the night preceding `Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), as it becomes obligatory only after sunset of the last night of Ramadan and the man in question died before the set time of Zakat-ul-Fitr. On the other hand, Zakat-ul-Fitr should be paid on behalf of the person who died after sunset, for it became obligatory on him as he died in the set time of Zakat-ul-Fitr.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.